Psoriasis is a chronic pathology associated with skin diseases. Recently, this disease has become more widespread. However, no expert can say for sure what causes psoriasis. Many experts attribute this phenomenon to the deterioration of the ecological situation almost everywhere in the world. Therefore, more and more people are interested in what psoriasis looks like. How to deal with it and how to treat it, what are the symptoms? In this article, we will explain how to recognize psoriasis and how to alleviate the situation with its manifestations.
General description of the disease
Pearl, what is this? What disorders does this disease cause in the body?
Previously, the disease was called "paid lichen". In this case, the damage to the skin occurs in the skin, nails and joints. Pink plaques or pustules on the scales represent psoriasis.
The first symptoms of psoriasis may appear at the age of 15-30, but it also manifests itself in children. Often this pathology affects people with fair skin. Continues chronically. Psoriasis, which once appeared and healed without a trace, has not yet been found. During the period of "calm" and relapse, the nails and scalp gradually participate in the development of the disease. Itching, which depletes the nervous system, becomes strongly irritating and the patient scans the skin in places until there is blood.
What contributes to development?
It is impossible to give an unequivocal answer to the question of the cause of psoriasis. So far, no one has been able to say the exact cause of the pathology. They are different. However, it has already been established that the nature of psoriasis is an autoimmune disease in the body. That is, for some reason, the cells of the immune system, which must protect the body from all kinds of disorders, begin to produce substances on the surface of the skin that trigger inflammatory processes and the rapid division of skin cells.
Some experts believe that the development of psoriasis is caused by disruption of the life cycle of epithelial cells. The body reacts to abnormal deviations as follows: lymphocytes and macrophages damage the skin.
How effective the treatment of the disease depends on the reasons for its manifestation. The disease most often affects the body, which is exposed to several factors. What is the cause of psoriasis?
Causes of psoriasis:
- hereditary factors;
- nervous disorders and stressful situations;
- contact with external stimuli;
- passion for hygiene;
- changes in living conditions;
- prone to allergic reactions.
There are cases when psoriasis develops against the background of fungal lesions. However, the pathology has no viral roots. Therefore, others are not afraid of infection. The disease does not belong to those who are dangerous to the health of others, and patients with psoriasis are not contagious.
Psoriasis may be more common in AIDS patients than in other categories of patients. Doctors explain this by the reduced activity and decrease in the number of lymphocytes. AIDS significantly accelerates the development of the disease, which can manifest itself in a brighter and stronger way.
Not all patients know how psoriasis begins, and therefore do not immediately understand what causes it. How to determine whether psoriasis manifests itself? And in general, how does psoriasis manifest itself? The early stages and symptoms of psoriasis are as follows:
- erodes nails, destroys structures;
- cracks appear on the skin, cause pain;
- a rash with pustules appears on the body;
- the surface of the skin is very peeled and the cells die;
- bubbles appear around;
- itchy red spots covered with whitish scales appear on the body.
However, there are some symptoms that manifest differently in each category of patients. Therefore, when understanding the initial symptoms, it is not always possible to understand how psoriasis is recognized. Only a doctor can do this, because everyone has this disease in its own way.
The onset of psoriasis in children
In children, the disease develops slightly differently than in adults. It is difficult to understand that a child has this disease. Psoriasis in children shows the following symptoms:
- red spots appear in wrinkles, especially in the groin area;
- the skin turns red under the diaper and the spots are clearly limited;
- inflamed skin itches and peels a little;
- at the age of about two to three years the first papules appear, covered with itchy plaques;
- At the age of ten, it appears on the scalp.
Sometimes a child is already born with symptoms of the disease. In this case, a detailed diagnosis is made to exclude the congenital form. But often the reasons for the appearance are different.
Sometimes psoriasis is the initial stage in infants, when the skin of a child in a fairly large area is covered with a rash accompanied by inflammation and peeling.
Pathological features in men
In the early stages, the symptoms of psoriasis are the same in men and women. Where does pearls start? It can start with the following symptoms:
- with a feeling of fatigue and constant weakness;
- dry skin accompanied by itching;
- peeling of hair and facial skin.
Psoriasis in women
In women, the first signs of psoriasis appear during hormonal growth during menopause, pregnancy or other hormonal disorders. And this disease manifests itself in women, first of all, with some evidence under the breast.
The course of the disease occurs in different ways and depends on the degree and form, the age of the patient and the climate in which he lives.
The rash is usually located on the scalp under the hair, on the knee and elbow joints, and on the back, but such spots are visible all over the body.
Doctors determine the development of pathology in three degrees:
The duration of each degree is determined by the general condition of the organism. And it can last for a long time, up to several months.
The first manifestations of psoriasis differ clinically according to the severity of the rash and the general condition:
- vulgar (develops on the knees);
- exudative (on the knees and elbows, plus spots covered with yellow crusts);
- reverse (psoriasis is accompanied by endocrine disorders);
- pustules (spread to all parts of the body or located only on the feet and palms, accompanied by pustules);
- seborrheic (adhesions found in people suffering from seborrhea form yellow crusts);
- psoriasis of the nails;
- erythrodermic form (rash on the entire surface of the body);
- arthropathic form (except for skin rashes, joint damage develops);
- in the form of drops (small, drop-like rashes appear on the entire surface).
In the disease, psoriasis, as a rule, is a classic onset at any age, except infancy. However, only a doctor can make a diagnosis after a thorough examination:
- clinical picture;
Histological examination of the affected tissues is sometimes performed. Microscopy and laboratory blood tests are also performed. All these measures help to determine the type, form and stage of psoriasis, so the manifestation of the disease may be different from other pathologies.
How is psoriasis treated?
Primary and secondary treatment of the disease is carried out with ointments, lotions or gels. These funds include zinc oxide, corticosteroids, resin and boric acid. Some ointments also contain hormones. These funds are sufficient for the treatment of psoriasis at an early stage. But it is also important to know why psoriasis appears in a patient, what are the causes of its appearance? This will help prevent relapse.
In the early stages of the disease, visiting the solarium in the cold season and sunbathing in the summer also helps a lot, from which the psoriasis begins to "calm down", the purulent pustules dry up.
If the form of the disease is severe, a treatment called puva therapy is applied. This is, in fact, the most effective phototherapy when the body's psoriasis is seriously neglected and causes discomfort. This treatment consists of the ability to suppress the pathological manifestations of ultraviolet radiation and reduce the very strong manifestations of the activity of the immune system.
When the pathology is very neglected and other treatments do not give the desired result, doctors do not prescribe only drugs that have a local effect. Medications are often used by injection. However, we must not forget that most of them have side effects, for example, many of these drugs suppress the immune system and have a detrimental effect on the liver. For this reason, such a course of medical therapy is carried out only in a hospital under the constant supervision of a physician.
This pathology affects about 8% of the world's population. The disease is considered incurable, but those diagnosed with psoriasis do not lose hope for treatment. But is it possible? And if so, how to treat psoriasis forever?
To fight a disease, you need to know what psoriasis is and how to avoid its manifestations, and if it has already appeared, how to treat it competently.
Treatment with folk remedies
At home, you can prepare various infusions or decoctions that you can then drink.
Flax seeds are cooked in the evening. To do this, put a spoonful of seeds in a thermos, pour a glass of boiling water and leave overnight. In the morning the infusion is ready. In addition to drinking the infusion, you can eat brewed seeds. Remember to drink activated charcoal in the evening to cleanse the intestines.
The most profitable traditional medicine is bay leaves. Every housewife has. To prepare the broth, take a packet of 20 g of bay leaf, chop the leaves and pour into a pot. The crumbs are poured into 0. 5 liters of boiling water and kept on a low flame for about 10 minutes. Then cool and strain the water. The broth is divided into three parts and drunk before meals. But we must not forget that not everyone can drink such a decoction. If the patient has heart or kidney problems, it is better to stop using the drug. Drinking is not recommended for pregnant women, complications may develop.
A decoction of lyre is also effective for such a pathology. Take 2 tablespoons to prepare such a broth. tablespoons seeds and pour 0, 5 liters of water. The mixture is then heated on a very low flame for an hour, not allowing it to boil. Then they are cooled and filtered. During remission of this broth, drink a tablespoon 4 times a day as a prophylactic measure.
St. John's wort helps with the early symptoms of the disease. For therapeutic purposes, 5 tablespoons dry St. John's wort. Put in a thermos of St. John's wort and pour boiling water (1 liter). You have to insist overnight on the mixture. Then drink it like tea all day.
You can also treat the disease with celandine juice. However, this method is possible only in the warm season, when growing around celandine. To do this, squeeze the juice from the broken branch of the plant and rub the lesions on the skin.
Celandine can also be used to make an ointment. It is made from a dried plant mixed with petroleum jelly or baby cream. First, only dry herbs should be powdered.
The search for the most effective and safe drugs continues. A lot of research is being done in this area. Therefore, there is hope that the day will soon come when people will be able to overcome this very boring and disturbing disease. Currently, folk remedies and medical drugs help in the treatment of psoriasis, which is used in a complex way according to the prescriptions of the treating dermatologist.
In addition to medication, the patient needs the moral support, care and attention of loved ones. He really needs it.